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In passive voice the subject and performer are NOT the same. The whole purpose of a sentence is to tell you who or what is performing the action. In active voice you know immediately who or what is performing the action because they’re at the front of the sentence.
The easiest voice to identify is passive voice, which is the one you want to avoid most of the time.
The verb ‘be’ is an irregular verb and has EIGHT different forms. No one knows and no one really cares, and the reasons aren’t important right now.
The standard order of a typical English sentence is Subject-Verb-Object, which means that every single sentence is in either active or passive voice. In active voice the subject, which is at the front of the sentence, is performing the action.
Active voice gets the It all comes down to “action” and who is performing it.
Meanwhile, if the subject is the target – or the undergoes – of the action, the verb is said to be in the passive voice.
Of the two, the active voice is the more commonly used in most forms of writing.
The passive voice is often used in cases wherein the author wishes to place emphasis on, or treat as the subject, the target or undergoes – instead of the doer – of the action.
While it is not commonly used in research paper writing, the passive voice does figure itself more prominently in mystery and crime writing and reportage – especially if the doer of the action is not or cannot be known.
The EIGHT forms are: be, being, been, am, are, is, was, were.
There are times when a picture is worth a thousand words and this is one of those times.