Analytic Rubrics feature a grid of “criteria” (columns) and “levels” of achievement (rows).
The instructor assigns points or weights to particular criteria, and then evaluates student performance in each area.
You can weight categories to reflect issues of more or less concern, such as stressing the quality of a student’s thesis more than spelling skills.
Analytical grade scales allow detailed assessment of multi-faceted projects, but the more detailed they are, the longer they take to develop, fine-tune, and use.
Students benefit from receiving rubrics because they learn about their relative strengths and weaknesses.
Analytical and holistic elements can be combined in a single set of grading criteria.
You see them in standardized testing — the essay portion of the SAT is scored with a 0-6 holistic rubric.
When hundreds of thousands of essays have to be graded quickly, and by total strangers who have no time to provide feedback, a holistic rubric comes in handy.
[To download a free Microsoft Word template for a holistic rubric, click .] An analytic rubric breaks down the characteristics of an assignment into parts, allowing the scorer to itemize and define exactly what aspects are strong, and which ones need improvement.
So for the breakfast in bed example, an analytic rubric would look like this: In this case, you’d give your loved ones a separate score for each category. To make feedback even more targeted, you could also highlight specific phrases in the rubric, like, “the recipient is crowded during the meal” to indicate exactly what went wrong.