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Would a single ethno-cultural identity develop out of South Africa’s diverse society?”  Soske further argues that these ambiguities were contextual and in fact was evidence of a compromise on the part of the ANC: “The Charter’s equivocations may have also reflected a calculated strategy.
For Rall, the process is ongoing and she’s now focused on exploring how museums can get to grips with decolonising their displays.
This topic provides her with a springboard for future work, and she hopes to find synergies in it with the decolonisation of the country’s university curricula, something that is close to her heart.
But their guidance and encouragement helped me immensely,” she said.
Transforming education Her research doesn’t end with her Ph D.
“In fact, displays in museums are considered their curricula, and we need to decolonise colonial- and apartheid-era displays.” Analysing exhibits Rall’s research analysed displays of the San against a socio-political backdrop over a period of 100 years.
The first exhibition was constructed and mounted during colonialism, while the second was created during apartheid.She paid careful attention to her use of language and avoided sensationalism in the displays and her text.“As an outsider a lot of consideration went into the way I approached my research.” Rall credits her supervisors, associate professors Arlene Archer and Lucia Thesen, for their role in her journey to her fourth graduation. Sometimes it felt I was never going to get it all done, especially when I had to rewrite sections for the umpteenth time.“I always ask myself: ‘How can my research contribute meaningfully in the greater South African context?’ If I can get that right it will all be worth it,” she said.In this way, the manner in which race, class and socio-economic status are interlinked is not examined.The African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL) addressed this issue of oppression when it used the ‘four nation’ thesis as a framework in their manifesto of 1948, stating that “South Africa is a country of four chief nationalities, three of which (the European, Indians and Coloureds) are minorities, and three of which (the Africans, Coloureds and Indians) suffer national oppression.” Neville Alexander, in his paper ‘Approaches to the National Question in South Africa’, goes on this state that, for the ANCYL, the African national group “constitute the nation of South Africa and the other three ‘nationalities’ constitute ‘national minorities’”. He further points out a problem with this formulation, stating that if one group is to be given self-determination, it follows that the other three groups should receive that same right. This issue was later addressed by grouping the Black, Indian and Coloured groups under one ‘African’ identity. The ‘four nation’ thesis can be viewed to be intrinsically linked with the ANC’s political stance as the original four wagon wheel spokes on the ANC’s flag represented the four organisations which made up the multi-racial Congress Alliance.During the 1950s, the ANC downplayed the demand for African majority rule and used language that left open the possibility of a power sharing agreement.Since the ANC rejected the revolutionary overthrow of the state, it had to appeal to the White electorate and leave open the policy of working with parties opposed to universal franchise.” This compromise has yet to be addressed, as Neville Alexander points out in 2011 “in light of the constitutional rhetoric about a “non-racial” or non-racist South Africa.” Alexander goes on to state that “the answers we arrive at will radically transform our school and university curricula and the media, among many other things.” End Notes  Jon Soske, ‘The Impossible Concept: Settler Liberalism, Pan-Africanism, and the Language of Non-racialism’ in African Historical Review, 42 (2), 2015, 9 , available at uploads /the_impossible_concept_by_jon_↵  Neville Alexander, ‘Approaches to the National Question in South Africa’, Transformation 1, 1986, 75 ↵  Ibid, 77 ↵  Karis, T & Carter, G. ↵  Jon Soske, ‘The Impossible Concept: Settler Liberalism, Pan-Africanism, and the Language of Non-racialism’, 15. ↵  Neville Alexander, ‘100 Years of the African National Congress’, 2011 [online], available at ↵  Ibid.She described her research as a journey of discovery, and a process of understanding the inhumane treatment the San had to endure.Harrowing experience “It was hugely upsetting and difficult to be exposed to the atrocities committed against the San – the indigenous people of our country,” she said.