However, of the many thousands of Africans that fought, not many of them got their freedom.1 Black people played a role on both sides during the War for Independence.
Yet, at the Centennial Celebration of the Revolution in 1876 in Philadelphia, not a single speaker acknowledged the contributions of African Americans in establishing the nation.
In contrast, white soldiers received$13 per month from which no clothing allowance was drawn.
In June 1864 Congress granted equal pay.” 2 By war's end, 16 black soldiers had been awarded the Medal of Honor for their valor.
First, Archivist Walter Hill of the National Archives reported that, in 1871 the Comanche bestowed the name of an animal they revered, the buffalo, on the men of the 10th Cavalry because they were impressed with their toughness in battle.
Second, they were given the name because their fierce, brave nature reminded them of the way buffaloes fought.
The Buffalo Soldiers included two regiments of all-black cavalry, the 9th and 10th cavalries, formed after Congress passed legislation in 1866 that allowed African Americans to enlist in the country’s regular peacetime military.
There have been a few speculations as to how the Buffalo Soldiers got their name.
Buffalo Soldiers of the 25th Infantry Regiment, 1890 4 Following the U. Civil War, regiments of African-American men known as Buffalo Soldiers served on the western frontier, battling Indians and protecting settlers.
This nickname was given to the "Negro Cavalry" by the Native American tribes.