Diuretics play significant role in pharmacology and treatment options in medicine.
This paper aims to review and evaluate the clinical use of diuretics in conditions that lead to fluid overload in the body such as cardiac failure, cirrhosis, and nephrotic syndrome.
An elevated physiological dead space, calculated from measurements of arterial CO2 and mixed expired CO2, has proven to be a useful clinical marker of prognosis both for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and for patients with severe heart failure.
Although a frequently cited explanation for an elevated dead space measurement has been the development of alveolar regions receiving no perfusion, evidence for this mechanism is lacking in both of these disease settings.
They were randomly divided into the therapy group (n = 50) and control group (n = 46)...
Heart failure is a common, costly, and debilitating syndrome that is associated with a highly complex drug regimen, a large number of comorbidities, and a large and often disparate number of healthcare providers.
Low- versus high-dose and continuous administration of furosemide were shown not to matter.
Ultrafiltration was not found to be more efficacious than sophisticated diuretic therapy including dose-adjusted intravenous furosemide and metolazone.
Whether changes in HR over time in patients with chronic HF are also associated with adverse outcome is unknown.
We explored the relationship between changes in HR from a preceding visit, time-updated HR (i.e.