He began writing it somewhere between 1307-1314 and finished it only a short while before his death in 1321, while in exile.
In this work, Dante introduces his invention of the terza rima, or three-line stanza as well as himself as a character.
Dante’s vision expresses his personal experience, through images to convey his interpretation of the nature of human existence.
He writes in the first person so the reader can identify and deeply understand the truths he wished to share about the meaning of life and man’s relationship with the Creator.
He was also a man who was defeated, who felt danger and the humiliation of exile, and who was no stranger to the cruelty and treachery possible in people. He also suffered serious self-doubts, natural for a man in exile.
His works reflect his experiences and attempts to answer some of life’s difficult questions.
It is believed that around 1307 he interrupts his unfinished work, Convivio, a reflection of his love poetry philosophy of the Roman tradition, to begin The Comedy (later known as The Divine Comedy).
He writes a book called De Vulgari Eloquentia explaining his idea to combine a number of Italian dialects to create a new national language.
When this change took place, the Guelphs for whom Dante’s family was associated took power.
Although born into a Guelph family, Dante became more neutral later in life realizing that the church was corrupt, believing it should only be involved in spiritual affairs.