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It is based on a wide variety of primary and secondary sources, including 25 interviews with child workers, their parents, and employers.Between July 2015 and January 2016, Human Rights Watch interviewed 15 male and female child laborers and 10 parents and employers in various locations in Bamiyan and Kabul.These interviews were conducted in-person, over the phone or through email.
Over 70 million children around the world work in hazardous conditions in agriculture, mining, domestic labor, and other sectors.
On tobacco farms, children work long hours in extreme heat, exposed to nicotine and toxic pesticides that can make them sick.
Under the law, children 14 and younger are not allowed to work.
In April 2010, Afghanistan ratified both of the key international treaties related to child labor: International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No.
Rahimullah, 15, has worked as a brick maker for five years with his father and older brother, 18, and his younger siblings. Children working in the carpet sector, for example, face physical injury such as carpel tunnel syndrome, neuralgia, and swollen finger joints from long hours sitting at the loom and performing repetitive motions with sharp equipment. He worked on Asmayee Road [in Kabul] at his family shop selling oxygen tanks. A more serious problem is the lack of awareness among the people about the rights of children.
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This is a greater cause of [producing] vulnerable children, particularly working children.
In other words, families rarely make decisions [about children] based on an awareness of the rights of the child.
This report examines child labor in brick kilns, carpets, and metal works.
They work in the home-based carpet industry; as bonded labor in brick kilns; in the metal industry as tinsmiths and welders; in mines; in agriculture; and on the streets as vendors, shoe shiners, and beggars.
Work forces children to combine the burdens of a job with education or prevents them from going to school altogether.