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Flooding is experienced all over the globe and for a variety of reasons — but why exactly does flooding occur?There are several human causes of flooding, including poorly designed infrastructure. Here are eight of the most common causes of flooding, both natural and human-induced. The simplest explanation for flooding is heavy rains.Much of America’s infrastructure was built in the 20th century, so it is getting old.
No matter where you live, you are surrounded by infrastructure and systems designed to move rainwater into appropriate basins and reservoirs.
In most cases, the infrastructure does its job, and you never have to think about where the rain goes when it runs off.
This is mostly the case in large urban areas — think Houston and Los Angeles.
When heavy rains strike, the basins used to drain them cannot always handle the load.
When it rains heavily, however, those systems are overwhelmed, and that water doesn’t drain nearly as quickly as it needs to.
In short, the drainage systems back up, and the water rises — sometimes into homes.Given modern technology, we often know about storm surges and tsunamis before they arrive, but this is not always the case.For example, in 2004, an earthquake off the coast of Indonesia created a tsunami that gave little warning before coming ashore.When you have an urban drainage basin that is made of concrete, there is no ground for water to sink into.So, when those drainage basins fill up, it is going to mean flooding for low-lying areas.A winter of heavy snow and other precipitation can lead to a spring of flooding.After all, that snow and ice have to go somewhere when they melt.You can experience devastating flooding simply due to a clogged or broken pipe as well as other plumbing issues.No matter how or why you experience a flood, you need a qualified water restoration professional with quality tools to help you get your home back into working order again.Most mountainous areas experience relatively consistent snowfall totals from year to year, but an unusually heavy winter of precipitation can spell bad news for low-lying areas around the mountains when spring hits.The good news is that sustained winter precipitation provides a long lead time to prepare for potential flooding. These are just a few examples of common causes of floods, but there does not need to be an incredible weather event for you to experience flooding at your home.