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One of his most famous reviews was a pan of Theodore S.Fay's novel , with criticism so devastating that it helped earn Poe the nickname "tomahawk man." Later in the year, as he finally gained a grasp on his finances, Poe married Virginia Clemm (not yet fourteen at the time) and became an editor of the , which he had helped transform into one of the country's leading journals.Physically weaker and older than most of his classmates, Poe felt out of place at the school, and he devoted much of his time to studying the Romantic poets such as Byron, Shelley, Coleridge, and Wordsworth.
He should also be remembered, however, as the author who helped to establish and develop America’s one real contribution to the world of literature—the short-story form.
Poe was the first writer to recognize that the short story was a different kind of fiction than the novel and the first to insist that, for a story to have a powerful effect on the reader, every single detail in the story should contribute to that effect.
One of the American Romantics, Poe showed an interest in the power of emotions and often sought to...
Poe is best known as the author of numerous spine-tingling stories of horror and suspense.
In 1833, his tale of dread, "MS Found in a Bottle," won a $50 prize from the .
His exploration of horror fiction, which was to define Poe among future generations, thus began—and so, perhaps not coincidentally, began his lifelong dependency on drugs and alcohol.
In 1839, Poe became an associate editor of until 1842, where he wrote a number of works, including the groundbreaking story of "ratiocination" (reasoning), "The Murders in the Rue Morgue.” Hard times followed and, barely managing to scrounge together carfare for his family, Poe moved to New York in 1844 to work for the .
1845 finally saw Poe crowned as a literary sensation in his country, with the publication of his hugely popular poem, "The Raven." Tragedy, however, was just around the corner.
Poe was influential in making American literature more philosophical and metaphysical than it had been heretofore, especially in terms of the dark Romanticism of Germany rather than the sometimes sentimentalized romanticism of New England Transcendentalists.
Poe also helped to make periodical publishing more important in American literary culture.