The available evidence points one to the conclusion that is in fact a combination of both elements and the time and place of origin does not really matter.As is well known, slavery is legally not allowed anymore in almost all the countries around the world.If it is a given that the main function of racism is to deny some people equal access to resources, then it is apt to intensify radically when the authority instituted by slavery is disputed, as happened in the United States when slavery was abolished.
Race-free societies developed only in places where the slave population was much more in numbers and power than the local non-slave population.
Slavery of the black people was a direct result of the class and race consciousness of the planters and slavers and not the materialistic advantage that selling and buying the slaves would accrue to them.
They had another standard – civilized and barbarian – and you could have white skin and be a barbarian, and you could be black and civilized.
During the 17 century, there was a great inflow of poor white people from Europe who came to America to work as indentured servants: there was not only a great rise in the population of Europe, there was also a move to relocate people who were considered to be undesirable in their own country such as vagabonds, convicts, dissenters, poor or prisoners of war.
The world body reiterates the view that racism was used for legitimising the slave trade and all its horrifying practices.
Race relations in Brazil and the United States indicate that prejudice caused by colour differences was universal and the domination and discrimination of the blacks by the non-blacks can be seen wherever and whenever the non-blacks have the power and incentive to show it. The roots of racism cannot be imputed to the immoral concepts or human nature.
Racism has its origins in the very beginning of the human society as there has always been prejudice, fear and hatred towards people who are different in their colour or place of origin.
Ruth Benedict was one of the first scholars to define racism in her book thus: “the dogma that one ethnic group is condemned by nature to congenital inferiority and another group is destined to congenital superiority”.
This trade was further reinforced by the racist ideology that considered the superiority of whites over the blacks.
According to the UNESCO, the slaves were considered as property that was moveable and had no rights of possession or contract.