If you are paraphrasing the ideas from a published source you should also declare this in a reference.It is a good idea to head the piece of paper that you are writing on when you begin your reading and note-taking with the full details of the book (author, title, place of publication, publisher, date of publication), and then add the page numbers in bracket after each quotation (in inverted commas) or paraphrase from the book.This may include quotations from a literary text; if so, make sure they are pertinent to the point you are making.
If you are paraphrasing the ideas from a published source you should also declare this in a reference.
The conclusion should summarise the main points you have made, bringing them together into a final overview, but without repetition of the details in the main body of the essay.
Do not be surprised, when you move from the plan to the essay itself, if the logic of what you write leads you to rearrange the originally planned order of points: this is a common experience of everyone who has to translate brief jottings into a more continuous form of writing.
It is usually a good idea to define your understanding of the key terms from the outset eg if the essay is about “love”, exactly what types of love are you going to look at? Making a plan before writing the essay itself is essential.
Students may have their own methods of making a plan, but a good way to start is by making a list of the main ideas you wish to incorporate in the essay, and then see in what order you might address them so as to produce a clear and logical argument. a way of leading on naturally and persuasively from one point to another, so that points will not appear to be isolated or unconnected to what precedes or follows.
Word Limits: Please note you will be penalised by one point if you exceed a given word limit by more than 10%, and by a further point per additional 10% over.
The title and footnotes are included in the word count, whereas the bibliography and appendices are excluded from the word count.
Many students fail to answer the question set (be it in coursework essays or in examinations). Instead, make a strict selection, from all that you know about the broad subject, of those aspects which are relevant to this essay in particular, and ask yourself constantly, in both the planning and drafting stages: Am I addressing the precise subject?
Read the title/question thoroughly, and be sure in your own mind what it is asking you to do. The reader should be left in no doubt that the student, before writing the final draft of the essay, has carefully read the material on which it is based - literary text, corpus of linguistic or historical material, appropriate critical reading and background material, whether indicated by the tutor or discovered through the student's own initiative - and has reached a clear overview of how the different elements of this material come together.
From , edited by Gordon Brotherston & Mario Vargas Llosa (London: Bristol Classical Press, 1999), p. Any further page references to the same source should then follow in brackets after the quotation eg: "We are told that they greeted each other 'con un ademán nervioso e instantáneo'" (p. (Notice that if you ever have to quote within a quotation, you use single inverted commas for the embedded words).
Note also that the title of a story, poem or article in an edited volume or anthology should appear in inverted commas (" "), but that for the title of a book we use (Sergio Leone, 1968). 325–46 Students who are unsure about how to present references, or who need further details, should refer to the standard publication used by most scholars in the Humanities, the MHRA Style Guide, available for download online at: Guide/download.shtml N.