Return to the top of the page The first time you refer to a source, full details should be given.
Examples Alan Bryman, Social research methods, 4th edn (Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2012), p.21.
Katherine Foxhall, ‘Fever, immigration and quarantine in New South Wales, 1837–1840’, Social History of Medicine, 24, no.3 (2011), pp.624-42 (p.625). Cull, Projecting empire: imperialism and popular cinema (London: I B Tauris, 2009), chapter 2.
A footnote lists the author, title and details of publication, in that order.
Footnotes are used when there are only a small number of references.
For more than three authors or editors, give the first name and then 'et al.’ (Latin abbreviation for and others).
Living In A Third World Country Essay - Footnoting Essays
Editors should be indicated by putting (ed.) after their name for single editors, or (eds) after their names for multiple editors.
For any other subsequent references, a short form of the reference should be given.
This should include the author and the title (but not any subtitle).
You should always try to access the original source and reference that but, if that is not possible, give the author of the source you want to refer to, then 'quoted in', then the full reference for the source you have actually viewed.
Example Scipione Mercurio, quoted in David Gentilcore, Medical charlatanism in early modern Italy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), p.11.