" width="auto" data-kind="article-image" id="article-image-62003" data-src="https://assets.atlasobscura.com/article_images/62003/image.jpg"19th-century doctors, was a morose and cryptic patient, seemingly beyond reach.
“Everything one tells him to do he does mechanically,” wrote one doctor quoted in Roth’s article; the patient “obeys without murmuring, without complaining; he is the most docile of all creatures, but it is a docility with indolence …” As the doctor saw it, nostalgia presented itself as an abdication of the will.
In 1851, with the nostalgia outbreaks and other mishaps of 1848 still raw, he proposed to Napoleon III a solution to nostalgia that seemed to steer into it.
His suggestion was the wholesale transfer of entire communities of Bretons—people from France’s rural northwest, where Bourel-Roncière was a notable local leader—to planned communities in Algeria.
With the professionalization of warfare came a new layer of alienation.
Very Short Essay On Television - Medical Dissertation On Nostalgia
Campaigns grew longer, conditions harsher, terms of service more indefinite.rejoices at the sight of his native parish, [and] cares about family joys like no other man in the world.” To be French, some insisted, was to know the pain of nostalgia as no other.(1838), by Horace Vernet, depicts a French victory in Algeria." width="auto" data-kind="article-image" id="article-image-62004" data-src="https://assets.atlasobscura.com/article_images/62004/image.jpg"pain today.According to Dodman’s book, epidemics had “allegedly decimated entire companies of conscripts at the outbreak of the revolutionary wars in the 1790s.” Decades later in Algeria, the (“homesickness”) was rumored to have thwarted entire units.A military doctor there wrote in 1836 that he was losing as many as five men a day to the malady.In Dodman’s analysis, this change has something to do with the evolution of European militaries in the 17th and 18th centuries.Smaller, more localized bands of soldiers were giving way to larger, consolidated, bureaucratic structures.For all the suffering, the nostalgic did not even necessarily want to get better.“True nostalgics,” wrote Roth, “derived their only satisfaction from the symptoms of their disease and therefore strove to protect their longing, to concentrate all their energies on it.” One 19th-century medical journal, quoted by Roth, noted that the nostalgic “seeks solitude, during which he can caress his favorite chimera without any obstacle and feed his pain …” Given the severity of the disease, nostalgia was considered a military threat of the highest order.For centuries, says Dodman, European armies had consisted largely of contracted mercenaries recruited by feudal lords “for specific terms of service, for a duration, and then they go back home …” These armies, moreover, were “microsocieties,” often traveling with the soldiers’ spouses and children.“These are wars of kings instead of wars of nations,” says Dodman, and the pivot to the nation-state meant a pivot within the traditional military structure.