Ninety-Five Theses Summary

Ninety-Five Theses Summary-32
It especially defied the teachings of the Church on the nature of penance, the authority and power of the pope and the efficacy of indulgences.They sparked a theological dispute that would result in the Reformation and the birth of the Lutheran, Reformed, and Anabaptist traditions within Christianity.

It especially defied the teachings of the Church on the nature of penance, the authority and power of the pope and the efficacy of indulgences.They sparked a theological dispute that would result in the Reformation and the birth of the Lutheran, Reformed, and Anabaptist traditions within Christianity.Martin Luther was born on November 10, 1483 and was the son of Hans and Margarethe Luther.

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Outraged at what he considered grave theological error, Luther wrote the Ninety-five Theses.

The theses were tentative opinions, about some of which Luther had not decided.

Indulgences were the commutation for money of part of the temporal penalty due for sin—i.e., the practical satisfaction that was a part of the sacrament of penance.

They were granted on papal authority and made available through accredited agents.

Ordinarily, Luther’s theses would have been of interest only to professional theologians, but various political and religious situations of the time, and the fact that printing had been invented, combined to make the theses known throughout Germany within a few weeks.

Luther did not give them to the people, although he did send copies to the Archbishop of Mainz and to the Bishop of Brandenburg.The fact was emphasized that money was being collected from poor people and sent to the rich papacy in Rome, a point popular with the Germans, who had long resented the money they were forced to contribute to Rome.Subsequently, the Archbishop of Mainz, alarmed and annoyed, forwarded the documents to Rome in December 1517, with the request that Luther be inhibited.The sale of this indulgence was forbidden in Wittenberg by the elector Frederick III the Wise, who preferred that the faithful should make their offerings at his own great collection of relics, exhibited in the Church of All Saints.Nevertheless, Wittenberg church members went to Tetzel, who was preaching nearby, and they showed the pardons for their sins received from him to Luther.Luther illustrated the spiritual, material, and psychological truths behind abuses in the practice of buying and selling indulgences.He was not out to pick a fight or to have his own way; his purpose was to uphold the truth, for the cause of Christ.Luther's actions were neither cinematic nor groundbreaking.The message of 95 Thesis gave the summary and expressed the feelings of many of his peers already had about the corruption of Christ's teachings.Others, however, translated them into German and had them printed and circulated.Thus, they became a manifesto that turned a protest about an The doctrine concerning indulgences was uncertain in the Roman Catholic Church prior to the Council of Trent (1545–63), which defined the doctrine and eliminated abuses.

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