Some topics, no matter how significant and interesting, are simply too big and amorphous to research well. You will never really master them, and it’s very hard to write a coherent paper that truly does them justice.
That leads to a second point: You need to figure out how to move from a compelling general idea to a sharply focused topic, one you can research and analyze within the time available.
A research paper on any of these would resonate within the university and well beyond it.
Still, as you approach such topics, you need to limit the scope of your investigation so you can finish your research and writing on time.
The solution, however, is not to find a lukewarm bowl of porridge, a bland compromise.
Nor is it to abandon your interest in larger, more profound issues such as the relationship between school organization and educational achievement or between immigration and poverty.
Rather, the solution is to select a well-defined topic that is closely linked to some larger issue and then explore that link.
Your research paper will succeed if you nail a well-defined topic.
Whatever the question is, you need to mark off its boundaries clearly and intelligently so you can complete the research paper and not get lost in the woods.
That means your topic should be manageable as well as interesting and important.