And others after him have actually taken similar approaches.
And others after him have actually taken similar approaches.Ian Morris also took a geographically based approach.That Christopher Columbus could go to different royal courts for his expedition to America underlies this fact.
The primary thesis about GGS was that civilisation developed first in Eurasia because of the fortunes in that area.
People there had a wider variety of crops and animals to domesticate compared to other parts of the world. Also, the Sahara had become a desert then, and posed a formidable barrier to immigration after.
I thought this was different enough from the big-civilisational questions about macro-scale trends and behaviours that impact larger social groups at the level of civilisations.
In this review, I will argue that although Jared Diamond’s “Guns, Germs, and Steel” attempts to answer many important questions that the study of history aims towards – namely causality – ultimately, Diamond’s work is lacking in rigour, presents a far too simplistic explanation to some very difficult debates, and takes too much of a scientific approach to questions concerning world history.
Jared Diamond wrote a series on books about people, and then about civilisations.
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And like Francis Fukuyama, they are linked to each other.
Francis Fukuyama also incorporated biological ideas into his political institutions-based approach.
And Yuval Noah Harari has taken that biological approach and pushed it further, incorporating it with the historical slant with meta-narratives about history.
In “Guns, Germs, and Steel”, Diamond has created a scientific model for human history with an unquantifiable amount of incomplete knowledge.
This in itself is enough grounds to refute his model, both from a scientific perspective, or otherwise.