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An argumentative assay is a writing method, challenging communication task that calls upon sophisticated cognitive and linguistic abilities, where the writer takes a position and tries to convince the reader to perform an action or to adopt a point of view regarding a controversial issue .
In these situations, physician assisted suicide is sometime applied, which is controversial legally and ethically issue .
Physician assisted suicide used interchangeably with physician assisted death and assisted suicide, is suicide undertaken with the aid of another person, sometime a physician (American Heritage Dictionary Entry).
The main causes to request physician assisted suicide among terminally ill patients according to cohort study conducted in Switzerland, were 56.7% cancer, nervous system causes 20.6%, and mood disorder (mental or behavioral disorder) 2.8%, among terminally ill patient who aged (25-64 years), compared with terminally ill patients who aged (65-94 years) cancer 40.8%, circulatory 15.2%, and nervous system causes 11.3% .
The Hippocratic Oath includes the unambiguous statement “I will not give a lethal drug to anyone if I am asked, nor will I advise such a plan” .
Which means knowingly and intentionally providing a terminally ill patient with the knowledge or means or both required to commit suicide, which also usually include counseling about lethal doses of certain drugs either by prescribing, supplying such lethal drugs or both .
Among countries that permit physician assisted suicide, person who has been diagnosed as terminally ill and who physically suffer from unresolved symptoms with life expectancy of 6 months or less can request from the physician to prescribe and/ or supply a lethal dose to self-administered to end his/her life .In 1994 voters in Oregon approved the Death with Dignity Act, which allowing a physician to prescribe a lethal dose that self-administers voluntarily by the terminally ill patient, the patient and the physician who follow the requirements of the act are protected from criminal prosecution .In 2008, Washington Death with Dignity Act passed with the same to Oregon law .Dying process could be beneficial in order to spiritual and existential healing through relational and personal wholeness growth, also individual learning process for the patients, their families, and those who caring for them .Argumentative Statement Physician assisted suicide is inconsistent with some of ethical principles such as nonmaleficence.Both of the profession and ethical traditions emphasize care and comfort, and physician shouldn’t intentionally participate in ending a person’s life .Proponents Some patients may get benefit from physician assisted suicide, and for dying patients, the motivation for requesting physician assisted suicide may not be physical pointless suffering but loss of autonomy (97.2%), in ability to engage in enjoyable activities (88.9%), loss of dignity (75%) .In Jordan, physician assisted suicide is not of the physician duties according to article number 3 “it is not permissible to terminate the life of a patient who is suffering from incurable and insurmountable disease and whether accompanied by pain, either directly or indirectly, except brain death, according to the scientific conditions approved by the Medical Association” .Proponents Physician assisted suicide has been legalized in Switzerland since 1942 and is accessible for noncitizens, and according to swizz law assisting suicide is punishable just if done for “whoever, from selfish motives, induces another to commit suicide or assists him therein shall be punished, if the suicide was successful or attempted, by confinement in a penitentiary for not more than five years or by imprisonment” article 115 of the penal code of Switzerland .Dying process is too often needlessly protracted by these medical technology is consequently marked by incapacitations, intolerable pain, and indignity .Terminally ill patient commonly experience unremitted and intolerable pain despite optimal pain management .