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For example, “The importance of epistasis¬—non-additive interactions between alleles—in shaping population fitness has long been a controversial topic, hampered in part by lack of empirical evidence” is an excellent example of an introductory sentence that both states the main topic (the role of epistasis in shaping population fitness) and describes the problem (the lack of empirical evidence in this area).Thus, it immediately grabs the attention of the reader.Papers describing clinical trials should mention the sample size, patient groups, dosages, and study duration.
8.4±0.6 g; p Once you have completed the abstract, it is important to check that all of the information you have included here agrees with the information in the main body of your paper.
After working on it for so long, it can sometimes be difficult to objectively evaluate whether your abstract is clear, especially because you are likely to be very familiar with the conventions within your discipline.
For example, statements such as “significant differences in body weight were observed between the animals in groups A and B” are not very informative.
Instead, consider making more specific statements, such as “the average body weight loss of the animals in group A was greater than that of the animals in group B (20.4±0.3 g vs.
Some authors will tell you that you should write the abstract as soon as your research is complete.
However, it is likely that your project has been spread out over months or even years; thus, the full picture of what you have accomplished may not be fresh in your mind.
Similarly, once your work is published, it is the first section that is examined by readers; in many cases, it is the only section of the manuscript that they will ever read.
This is in part because most literature databases index only abstracts, and access to full-text articles is often restricted.
In this way, the abstract emerges as a tool to communicate your research succinctly while highlighting its most important facets.
The following article describes how to write a great abstract that will attract maximal attention to your research.