The hated Cressingham was killed and flayed by the Scots.
Prominent northern magnates who met their deaths included Robert le Vavasour and his eldest son, and Robert Delaval.
In 1292/3 Norhamshire sheaf tithes were worth £193 and those of Islandshire worth £137 13s. `The Army of Scotland’ marched south, scattering the Northumbrian tenantry.
Woodhorn on the coast appears to have been abandoned as income from the manorial court brought in nothing in 1298/99 on account of the war, and at Heugh in Stamfordham there were no issues at all, as the land lay waste on account of the Scottish war.42 Newcastle was prepared for the worst.
Edward departed for Flanders on 22 August 1297, confident that the situation in Scotland was well in hand.
Not until September did it become apparent that the real struggle for Scotland was beginning, and about to spill over into England; but already in May 1297 the English occupation was menaced by three risings: Andrew Murray led a rising with widespread popular support north of the Forth; another was led by Sir William Douglas, James the Stewart of Scotland, Sir Alexander de Lindsay and Robert Wishart, Bishop of Glasgow, in the south-west of Scotland; and William Wallace became active at around the same time, when he killed the Sheriff of Lanark and chased the English Justiciar from Scone.8 The rising in western Scotland was dealt with fairly promptly.
Marmaduke de Thweng was captured when Stirling Castle surrendered shortly afterwards, and the Earl of Warenne fled precipitately to Berwick.
On the side of the Scots, Andrew Murray was fatally wounded; but nevertheless this resounding victory was the signal for all of Scotland to throw off English lordship.12 News of the defeat travelled rapidly.
Historians of England have tended to concentrate on the prolonged phase of Scottish raiding which lasted from 1311 to 1322, historians of Scotland to focus on the importance of the Wallace invasion in the interpretation of the critical situation north of the border.2 This paper takes a closer look at the invasion of 1297, and the findings have significance both for our understanding of the state of affairs in contemporary Scotland, and for the parallels drawn between Wallace’s invasion and the raids of Robert Bruce and his supporters in the early fourteenth century.
[smartads] The evidence which allows a reconstruction of the Wallace invasion falls into three main categories. The Song is given in full in The Political Songs of England ed. Wright, Camden Society, old series, vi (1839), 160-79.