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Individual researchers differ quite a bit in their preference for such titles.
Like any effective argument, the literature review must have some kind of structure.
For example, it might begin by describing a phenomenon in a general way along with several studies that demonstrate it, then describing two or more competing theories of the phenomenon, and finally presenting a hypothesis to test one or more of the theories.
This feeling of discomfort was called cognitive dissonance by social psychologist Leon Festinger (1957), who suggested that individuals will be motivated to remove this dissonance in whatever way they can (p. After capturing the reader’s attention, the opening should go on to introduce the research question and explain why it is interesting. He opened his article with the following humourous anecdote: A friend whose mother is suffering symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) tells the story of taking her mother to visit a nursing home, preliminary to her mother’s moving there.
During an orientation meeting at the nursing home, the rules and regulations were explained, one of which regarded the dining room.
The title should clearly and concisely (in about 12 words or fewer) communicate the primary variables and research questions.
This sometimes requires a main title followed by a subtitle that elaborates on the main title, in which case the main title and subtitle are separated by a colon.
In this section, we look at how to write an APA-style empirical research report, an article that presents the results of one or more new studies.
Recall that the standard sections of an empirical research report provide a kind of outline.
At the end of the meeting, the friend’s mother was asked whether she had any questions.
She replied that she only had one question: “Should I tip? 3) Although both humour and personal anecdotes are generally discouraged in APA-style writing, this example is a highly effective way to start because it both engages the reader and provides an excellent real-world example of the topic under study.